Saturday, 19 October 2019

Prime Minister Narendra Modiji - Distance education is need of the Hour -Dr Gautam Ghosh

The importance of knowledge and learning has been recognized since the beginning of time. Plato wrote: “If a man neglects education, he walks lame to the end of his life.”
But it was really the Nobel winning economists that put the argument of education as investment. T.W. Schultz argued that investment in education explains growth and Gary Becker gave us the Human Capital Theory.
In a nutshell, the Human Capital Theory posits that investing in education has a payoff in terms of higher wages. Moreover, the theory and empirical estimates are backed up by current science, as explained by James Heckman.
Under circumstances , it is understandable that today every Indian must be educated .
Education has to reach every Indian , when he or she cannot reach the door of the University for his or her pre occupations, which may be for bread and butter .
Most surprisingly , it has been observed that the  UGC is overstepping the law of the land and this needs to be immediately redressed ;  for the interest of the Nation.
Clause (5) of Article 15 of the Constitution read as follows:-
Nothing in this article or in sub – clause (g) of clause (1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision, by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions.
The constitutional validity of clause (5) of Article 15 of the Constitution insofar as it enables the State to make special provisions relating to admission to educational institutions of the State and educational institution aided by the State was considered by a Constitution Bench of this Court in Ashoka Kumar Thakur v. Union of India & Ors. [(2008) 6 SCC 1] and the Constitution Bench held in the aforesaid case that clause (5) of Article 15 is valid and does not violate the “basic structure” of the Constitution.
Some persons of the UGC for obvious reasons, have started inappropriately quoting a Supreme Court judgment - (Prof Yashpal’s case) where the Supreme Court has never pronounced any judgment debarring any other University from conducting distance education where its Statue has empowered such and which has been approved by the UGC as well as by the Open University Act at that point of time.
It is noteworthy to observe – that the UGC is trying too hard to remake the judgment itself of the Hon’ble Supreme Court. While Supreme Court in WP (Civi) No 19 of 2004 in Prof. Yashpal and Anr vs State of Chhattisgarh & Ors the instant judgment in Para 41 – has only referred the view of the discussion of Ld Advocate Dhawan, UGC has most high handedly asked Universities, which are even having their Acts permitting them for having jurisdiction outside the State, to stop their operation. The relevant Para of the said Judgment on which UGC is shooting off letters are-
Para No 41 – wherein it was observed that –
Dr. Dhawan has also drawn the attention of the Court to certain other provisions of the Act which have effect outside the State of Chhattisgarh and thereby give the State enactment an extra territorial operation. Section 2(f) of the amended Act defines ‘off – campus centre’ which means a centre of the University established by it outside the main campus (within or outside the State) operated and maintained as its constituent unit having the university’s complement of facilities, faculty and staff. Section 2(g) defines “off – shore campus “ and it means a campus of the university established by it outside the country, operated and maintained as its constituents unit, having the university’s complement of facilities, faculty and staff. Section 3(7) says that the object of the University shall be to establish main campus in Chhattisgarh and to have the study centres at different places in India and other countries. In view of Article 245 (1) of the Constitution, Parliament alone is competent to make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India and the legislature of a State may take laws for the whole or any part of the State. The impugned Act which specifically makes a provision enabling a University to have an off – campus centre outside the State is clearly beyond the legislative competence of the Chhattisgarh legislature.
When the citizens are busy to earn a square meal a day , it is duty of the Government to ensure that Education reaches each and every household in a manner which is appropriate to each and every situation . 
Hence , all  Universities which were having distance education  should be again allowed to have distance education and the jurisdiction of such University must be read with the parental Act or with amendments made thereof . 
By restricting Universities from reaching out to the people , today the  matrix of education has stooped to an all time low . People are facing genuine problems across India .All Universities are not having the same courses or medium of instruction, this is hurting the most  For example a person stationed in New Delhi for a Job cannot do a course on Rabindranath Tagore from Rabindra Bharati University today ;
Similarly a Tamilian who is stationed in North East India cannot upgrade himself or herself with a newer and effective course from an University in Tamil Nadu offering a a particular course .This senseless act of UGC is  causing a Quality fall in Human value !

Distance education is not a new concept. In the late 1800s, at the University of Chicago, the first major correspondence program in the United States was established in which the teacher and learner were at different locations. Before that time, particularly in preindustrial Europe, education had been available primarily to males in higher levels of society. The most effective form of instruction in those days was to bring students together in one place and one time to learn from one of the masters. That form of traditional educational remains the dominant model of learning today. The early efforts of educators like William Rainey Harper in 1890 to establish alternatives were laughed at. Correspondence study, which was designed to provide educational opportunities for those who were not among the elite and who could not afford full-time residence at an educational institution, was looked down on as inferior education. Many educators regarded correspondence courses as simply business operations. Correspondence education offended the elitist and extremely undemocratic educational system that characterized the early years in this country (Pittman, 1991). Indeed, many correspondence courses were viewed as simply poor excuses for the real thing. However, the need to provide equal access to educational opportunities has always been part of our democratic ideals, so correspondence study took a new turn.
As radio developed during the First World War and television in the 1950s instruction outside of the traditional classroom had suddenly found new delivery systems. There are many examples of how early radio and television were used in schools to deliver instruction at a distance. Wisconsin's School of the Air was an early effort, in the 1920s, to affirm that the boundaries of the school were the boundaries of the state. More recently, audio and computer teleconferencing have influenced the delivery of instruction in public schools, higher education, the military, business, and industry. Following the establishment of the Open University in Britain in 1970, and Charles Wedemeyer's innovative uses of media in 1986 at the University of Wisconsin, correspondence study began to use developing technologies to provide more effective distance education.
In most countries in the two books, distance education is an important part of higher education enrolments and provision. On the enrolment side, in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Russia, South Africa, Turkey and the United States nearly one fifth or more of all higher education students are taking some online or distance education courses and programs. In the United States, the only growth in higher education enrolments is due to growth in distance education enrolments. On the provision side, distance education is not only being offered by open access, or low-selectivity institutions. In Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Russia, South Korea the United Kingdom and the United States, high profile institutions are offering distance education. They are providing distance education not only for adult learners, but for younger conventional higher education students wanting flexibility. Both from a student and institutional perspective, distance education is increasingly seen as part of higher education.
Apex Court has never put a blanket ban on “Open University and Distance Education” – nor this phrase has ever been referred to by any the Hon’ble Apex Court in the said judgment as it is a completely different subject matter.
There is nothing to  worry about the quality of distance education programs. They are often required by government policies or boards to review the quality of programs and are responding to these reviews and regulations by changing administration, design, teaching and support. In the United Kingdom, the Open University has always been proactive about addressing quality issues. Historically, the guidelines for good practice and using quality audits did not apply to distance education. The Open University adapted the standard guidelines anyway and applied them to distance education courses. They recognized that distance education providers often have to do twice the work to get half the acknowledgement. This proactive approach is well received by funding bodies and regulators. Now, the Quality Assurance Agency assures standards and quality for all higher education in the United Kingdom, including distance education. The use of continually new types of information and communications technologies suggest there is always room for distance education institutions to be proactive in their approach to providing and assuring quality programs and courses. Some major developments that have taken place, Worldwide  in the sphere of Distance Education - are that 1) Existing institutions a have increased  their online and distance education offering 2) New institutions are offering online and distance education apart from general classroom education 3) Distance education has become  an integral part of higher education system - with equivalent validity  4) Distance Education  is being  accepted as mainstream education  in developed countries- and i am quite optimistic that the New Government under narendra Modiji - must - do all that is required including removal and abolishing the UGC -( which was the main contestant / subject matter in the case )  to make Distance education boundaryless and meaningful across the length and breadth of the Nation ( Sab ki saath - sab ki Vikaas is  really needed in this sector  ) 

Dr Gautam Ghosh 

Saturday, 18 May 2019

INDIA NEEDS NAMO -DR GAUTAM GHOSH

 INDIA NEEDS  NARENDRA MODI 


INDIA NEEDS  NARENDRA MODI 

THERE are many good works done by Modi government many of which have not got the required publicity attention.
More than 2 lakhs of bogus Aadhar cards were cancelled. More than 3.46 lakhs bogus shell companies have been derecognized and 3.09 lakhs directors associated with these entities have been disqualified. GST was introduced to prevent the Pakistan money coming into the hands of Hurriyat.
Nearly three crore fake and duplicate ration cards have been cancelledduring the three years of the NDA governmentThis also saved the country Rs 17,000 crore every year during this period, he added. Linking the ration card to the holder's Aadhar number had allowed the government to clean up the system, CR Chaudhary, Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food And Public Distribution said. He was speaking at the 21st National Conference on e-Governance.
 "Out of 23 crore ration cards in the country, 82 per cent (19 crore) are linked with Aadhar. We have removed 2.95 crore fake or duplicate ration cards in the country in the past three years which has resulted in a saving of Rs 17,000 crore annually. It has ensured that food grains are being delivered to the rightful person," he said. As per the latest report, (Jan 16, 2019) the government has saved Rs. 90, 000 crores by weeding out 60 million fake ration cards
The Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi with an aim to provide 24×7 uninterrupted electricity supply to each rural household across the country by 2022. 
India has jumped 73 spots to be ranked 26th in World Bank’s Electricity accessibility list. The country was ranked 99th in 2014Out of the 18,452 villages, which lacked electricity, over 18,000 villages have been provided access to electricity. In addition, a person applying for new electricity connection within 24 hours in areas where power infrastructure, electricity connection would be given in a week. The government’s rural electrification programme is on track for completion within completion within the targeted 1,000 days.

 The Government has established an institution National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) to regulate auditors.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) said it struck off around 2.24 lakh companies for remaining inactive for a period of two years or more. Several of these companies are suspected to be shell companies and restrictions have been imposed on the operation of their bank accounts and sale of movable and immovable properties until they are restored. The decision was taken based on data received from 54 banks post demonetization.
A preliminary examination of 58,000 accounts involving 35,000 companies has revealed that over Rs 17,000 crore was deposited and withdrawn post demonetization, the release said. Demonetization was a Central Government order passed on 8 November, 2016, which had invalidated all old notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000.
The Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana started in 2014 “when banking was just a prerogative of a small section of society, with almost 42 percent of Indiabeing excluded from it." said Jaitley while delivering the keynote address at the Conclave on Financial Inclusion organized by the United Nations in India.
But in 2018 Jaitley said 84 crore new accounts have been opened under this scheme since 2014, with the number of rural-urban women beneficiaries touching 17.6 crores. Zero balance accounts under PM Jan Dhan Yojana have come down to 20 per cent from 77 per cent in the past 3 years, he added.
However, volunteers took up a door-to-door approach of encouraging rural dwellers to open bank accounts, explaining additional incentives like the availability of a RuPay card, insurance benefits and more. Now 26 crore people have availed the RuPay Cards.
The Centre's Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana has also assisted 20 crore people under the scheme by providing small loans and financing small businesses. "Over a 100 million people have been included in this scheme so far, whereby by paying a premium of Rs.1 per month, these beneficiaries can avail accident insurance worth Rs. 2 lakh. Upon paying a slightly higher premium, beneficiaries can avail full time death insurance as well," said Jaitley.
The abolition of triple talaq has brought great relief to lakhs of Muslim married ladies, who were under the perpetual fear of being divorced at any moment without giving them an opportunity to defend.

The Haj Subsidy has been withdrawn as per Supreme Court order of 2012. By withdrawing subsidies for Haj pilgrimage, the Modi Government- has upheld not only the decison of the Hon'ble Supre Court buy also the Islamic law read with Koranic verses - which states that a as India is a Secular Nation - taking subsidy for Haj is not as per religious rules of Islam .
Although most major political parties have been voted to power at the Centre over the last seven decades, no party or coalition of parties had the courage to touch this issue, lest it be seen as hurting Muslim sentiment, which actually acted as an act of aggression on Muslim Religion
Further to note , Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi announced that the money spent on Haj subsidy would be utilized for social welfare. These funds were  be used for education and other welfare measures for Muslim women and girls.

All Padma awards were not given to film stars or cricket players as was the case with previous government, but were awarded, for the first time, to those who have really contributed worthy of making our India great and proud. All the 4 years the awards were given to highly deserving people, who did not have god-father.
The petrol dues of $6.5 billion worth of oil borrowed from Iran had not been cleared by the previous government. But Modi government has cleared it in one lump sum. Iran has agreed to accept oil payments in Indian rupees, not in US Dollars. Saudi Arabia has promised to open an oil refinery in Mumbai. Further, Saudi Arabia has agreed to give petrol in exchange of water!!
The speed with which Kulbhushn Yadav case was moved to International Court of Justice prevented the hanging of Yadav. Harish Salve, who argued the case for India, did not take any money or fees, except a token amount of Rs. 1 mainly because Modi is a clean handed man!
More than 1 crore people have voluntarily surrendered cooking gas subsidy. Further, the subsidies are being credited to the bank account of the customers, thus stopping the leakage of crores of money which was consumed by the different oil companies. More than 18 lakhs of villages have been electrified in a record time.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) under the ministry of petroleum & natural gas on May 1, 2016, from Uttar Pradesh’s Ballia district. The Rs 8,000 crore scheme aims to provide LPG connections free of cost to 5 crore below poverty line (BPL) households. For 2016-17, the target was set at 1.5 crore households, which the ministry achieved in just nine months, and it has been able to cover 2 crore households by the end of calendar year 2016.
The rapid progress of the PMUY has raised the percentage of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe house holds with LPG connections to 37% of the total LPG coverage in the country. The same has risen to 13% for minorities. Priority is given to states where LPG penetration is below the national average, such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Ujjwala independently addresses women, mainly from the economically weaker sections, as it must contribute towards making the lives of women and children easier and healthier, so that they don’t spend time collecting firewood and other unhealthy items.
An oil ministry statement said that, in FY17, the three fuel retailers—Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum—issued a total of 3.75 crore new LPG connectionsthe highest number given in any year, including connections under the PMUY scheme. As a result, the LPG coverage in the country jumped to 72.8%, with 19.88 crore active consumers, as on April 1, 2017. 5 crore people have got free gas connections. Apart from the successes, there are multiple challenges too, such as inadequacy of authenticated data on BPL population and identification of poor households, in transferring subsidies as it may involve leakages.
According to International Labour Organisation (ILO), India recorded the highest average real wage growth in South Asia during 2008-17. In South Asia, India led the average real wage growth in 2008-17 as 5.5 against a regional media of 3.7.
According to Centre for Digital Financial Inclusion (CDFI), that uses technology for financial inclusion, says that the government has transferred over Rs. 1600 crore to eligible mothers under Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana.
The Delhi-Meerut expressway was commissioned in just 500 days! Likewise, 9.15 km long Dhola - Sadiya Bridge, named after Assam singer Bhupen Hazarika has brought a great relief to the people of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, as these two states are now connected. This bridge reduces the cost and time of travel time by 7 to 8 hours and will open new doors to economic development making the NE region as a top economically developed region. The Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP).
Around 65 lakhs of new tax-payers have been added in these 4 years. This means to that black money which was circulating in the economy has been eliminated.
 The Foreign exchange reserves have touched $421.12 billion, which is a historic high record.
 In a report disclosed by RTI activist Lokesh Batra, it has come to light that the amount spent by the ex-Vice President Hamid Ansari on his foreign trips was 7 times higher than PM Modi spent on all his foreign trips. Modi travels during the night to foreign countries so that he can sleep in the airplane to avoid expensive hotel bills in foreign countries.


Expressway in Gurugram, which was recently inaugurated by the Prime Minister Modi, is expected to relieve the traffic congestion of the National Capital region (NCR). This is because this Expressway links the National Highways number 1, 10, 8 and 2 running through the districts of Sonepat, Jjajjar, Gurugram, Mewat and Palwal. Likewise, the Prime Minister Modi also inaugurated the Eastern Peripheral Expressway or the Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal (KGP) Expressway in Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh.






To sum up some of the  wonderful things which Narendra Modi has done are –


Modi initiated was to dismantle the long-standing relic of economic planning, the Planning Commission, and also eliminate the distinction between planned and non-planned expenditure in the country’s annual budgets. These changes signalled the completion of India’s ideological shift in economic thinking, away from the state-led planning of the Nehruvian era towards a market-oriented approach of development. A major drawback of the Planning Commission had been that it created rigid national schemes, which required states to implement them by setting aside a significant share of funds. This left the states grossly disempowered.
With the dismantling of the institution, the states were now left with more discretion over how to use their funds. The government also accepted a proposal of the Finance Commission to give state governments 42% of central tax receipts, up from 32%. 
Advancing far on the reform process, the private sector was given further leeway in sectors where the state was proving incompetent. A cap on foreign investment in the defence sector was lifted from 26% to 49%. Similarly, furthering Vajpayee’s initiative to allow private entry into the insurance sector, the cap for foreign investment in it was raised to 49% as well.
The World Bank noted in its 2018 Doing Business report that India had adopted thirty-seven reforms since 2003 and nearly half of them had been introduced in the last four years.
A few of the key reforms that the World Bank alludes to have been game-changing in their expected long-term impact on the economy. The first arose from a strenuous legacy of rising non-performing assets (NPA) with public sector banks that the BJP government had inherited. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, was passed in parliament to address the issue. The code allows either the creditor or the borrower to approach the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) to initiate insolvency proceedings. It further lays down provisions for debt resolution within a span of three to five months.
The second major reform by the BJP government on the economic front came in the form of the biggest tax reform in Indian history with the implementation of the goods and services tax (GST), after well over a decade in the making. The tax, which aims at simplifying the tax structure of the country by replacing the erstwhile multilayered complicated tax system, was introduced in 2017
The new tax system eliminated the maze of check posts at state borders, where lorries transporting goods typically used to languish for hours. It is expected to transform into higher ease of doing business in the economy and translate into facilitation of a high-growth trajectory.
The third major contrast in the BJP government to the previous one has been in its approach towards combating corruption. While the second term of the UPA had been mired in corruption scandals right at the top, the complete absence of any such cases since then has been refreshing. The government has also been focused on addressing the problem of black money in the economy. A successful effort has been made in managing to end the data secrecy of money stashed in Swiss banks, which has long been perceived as a haven for illicit wealth.
The fifth major achievement of the Modi government has been able to control that to a good extent. While the YoY inflation growth has been negative, the mean inflation rate lies around 4% which is a good indicator 
In short we can conclude by saying that FIIR EK BAAR Modi SARKAR -- is more likely to provide a strong & active Government with a much better 'law & order'. In such a case, minorities would feel much safer. Major community would also feel much better, as a part of the sense of 'being wronged against' & of 'appeasement' of minorities, would get mitigated, which would reduce their anger against the minorities. The neighboring countries both having hostile and friendly relations would have to respectfully treat India, knowing that India is in the hands of the perfect Prime Minister 

Jai Hind 


INDIA NEEDS NAMO

          INDIA NEEDS  NARENDRA MODI 


INDIA NEEDS  NARENDRA MODI 

THERE are many good works done by Modi government many of which have not got the required publicity attention.
More than 2 lakhs of bogus Aadhar cards were cancelled. More than 3.46 lakhs bogus shell companies have been derecognized and 3.09 lakhs directors associated with these entities have been disqualified. GST was introduced to prevent the Pakistan money coming into the hands of Hurriyat.
Nearly three crore fake and duplicate ration cards have been cancelledduring the three years of the NDA governmentThis also saved the country Rs 17,000 crore every year during this period, he added. Linking the ration card to the holder's Aadhar number had allowed the government to clean up the system, CR Chaudhary, Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food And Public Distribution said. He was speaking at the 21st National Conference on e-Governance.
 "Out of 23 crore ration cards in the country, 82 per cent (19 crore) are linked with Aadhar. We have removed 2.95 crore fake or duplicate ration cards in the country in the past three years which has resulted in a saving of Rs 17,000 crore annually. It has ensured that food grains are being delivered to the rightful person," he said. As per the latest report, (Jan 16, 2019) the government has saved Rs. 90, 000 crores by weeding out 60 million fake ration cards
The Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi with an aim to provide 24×7 uninterrupted electricity supply to each rural household across the country by 2022. 
India has jumped 73 spots to be ranked 26th in World Bank’s Electricity accessibility list. The country was ranked 99th in 2014Out of the 18,452 villages, which lacked electricity, over 18,000 villages have been provided access to electricity. In addition, a person applying for new electricity connection within 24 hours in areas where power infrastructure, electricity connection would be given in a week. The government’s rural electrification programme is on track for completion within completion within the targeted 1,000 days.

 The Government has established an institution National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) to regulate auditors.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) said it struck off around 2.24 lakh companies for remaining inactive for a period of two years or more. Several of these companies are suspected to be shell companies and restrictions have been imposed on the operation of their bank accounts and sale of movable and immovable properties until they are restored. The decision was taken based on data received from 54 banks post demonetization.
A preliminary examination of 58,000 accounts involving 35,000 companies has revealed that over Rs 17,000 crore was deposited and withdrawn post demonetization, the release said. Demonetization was a Central Government order passed on 8 November, 2016, which had invalidated all old notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000.
The Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana started in 2014 “when banking was just a prerogative of a small section of society, with almost 42 percent of Indiabeing excluded from it." said Jaitley while delivering the keynote address at the Conclave on Financial Inclusion organized by the United Nations in India.
But in 2018 Jaitley said 84 crore new accounts have been opened under this scheme since 2014, with the number of rural-urban women beneficiaries touching 17.6 crores. Zero balance accounts under PM Jan Dhan Yojana have come down to 20 per cent from 77 per cent in the past 3 years, he added.
However, volunteers took up a door-to-door approach of encouraging rural dwellers to open bank accounts, explaining additional incentives like the availability of a RuPay card, insurance benefits and more. Now 26 crore people have availed the RuPay Cards.
The Centre's Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana has also assisted 20 crore people under the scheme by providing small loans and financing small businesses. "Over a 100 million people have been included in this scheme so far, whereby by paying a premium of Rs.1 per month, these beneficiaries can avail accident insurance worth Rs. 2 lakh. Upon paying a slightly higher premium, beneficiaries can avail full time death insurance as well," said Jaitley.
The abolition of triple talaq has brought great relief to lakhs of Muslim married ladies, who were under the perpetual fear of being divorced at any moment without giving them an opportunity to defend.

The Haj Subsidy has been withdrawn as per Supreme Court order of 2012. By withdrawing subsidies for Haj pilgrimage, the Modi Government- has upheld not only the decison of the Hon'ble Supre Court buy also the Islamic law read with Koranic verses - which states that a as India is a Secular Nation - taking subsidy for Haj is not as per religious rules of Islam .
Although most major political parties have been voted to power at the Centre over the last seven decades, no party or coalition of parties had the courage to touch this issue, lest it be seen as hurting Muslim sentiment, which actually acted as an act of aggression on Muslim Religion
Further to note , Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi announced that the money spent on Haj subsidy would be utilized for social welfare. These funds were  be used for education and other welfare measures for Muslim women and girls.

All Padma awards were not given to film stars or cricket players as was the case with previous government, but were awarded, for the first time, to those who have really contributed worthy of making our India great and proud. All the 4 years the awards were given to highly deserving people, who did not have god-father.
The petrol dues of $6.5 billion worth of oil borrowed from Iran had not been cleared by the previous government. But Modi government has cleared it in one lump sum. Iran has agreed to accept oil payments in Indian rupees, not in US Dollars. Saudi Arabia has promised to open an oil refinery in Mumbai. Further, Saudi Arabia has agreed to give petrol in exchange of water!!
The speed with which Kulbhushn Yadav case was moved to International Court of Justice prevented the hanging of Yadav. Harish Salve, who argued the case for India, did not take any money or fees, except a token amount of Rs. 1 mainly because Modi is a clean handed man!
More than 1 crore people have voluntarily surrendered cooking gas subsidy. Further, the subsidies are being credited to the bank account of the customers, thus stopping the leakage of crores of money which was consumed by the different oil companies. More than 18 lakhs of villages have been electrified in a record time.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) under the ministry of petroleum & natural gas on May 1, 2016, from Uttar Pradesh’s Ballia district. The Rs 8,000 crore scheme aims to provide LPG connections free of cost to 5 crore below poverty line (BPL) households. For 2016-17, the target was set at 1.5 crore households, which the ministry achieved in just nine months, and it has been able to cover 2 crore households by the end of calendar year 2016.
The rapid progress of the PMUY has raised the percentage of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe house holds with LPG connections to 37% of the total LPG coverage in the country. The same has risen to 13% for minorities. Priority is given to states where LPG penetration is below the national average, such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Ujjwala independently addresses women, mainly from the economically weaker sections, as it must contribute towards making the lives of women and children easier and healthier, so that they don’t spend time collecting firewood and other unhealthy items.
An oil ministry statement said that, in FY17, the three fuel retailers—Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum—issued a total of 3.75 crore new LPG connectionsthe highest number given in any year, including connections under the PMUY scheme. As a result, the LPG coverage in the country jumped to 72.8%, with 19.88 crore active consumers, as on April 1, 2017. 5 crore people have got free gas connections. Apart from the successes, there are multiple challenges too, such as inadequacy of authenticated data on BPL population and identification of poor households, in transferring subsidies as it may involve leakages.
According to International Labour Organisation (ILO), India recorded the highest average real wage growth in South Asia during 2008-17. In South Asia, India led the average real wage growth in 2008-17 as 5.5 against a regional media of 3.7.
According to Centre for Digital Financial Inclusion (CDFI), that uses technology for financial inclusion, says that the government has transferred over Rs. 1600 crore to eligible mothers under Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana.
The Delhi-Meerut expressway was commissioned in just 500 days! Likewise, 9.15 km long Dhola - Sadiya Bridge, named after Assam singer Bhupen Hazarika has brought a great relief to the people of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, as these two states are now connected. This bridge reduces the cost and time of travel time by 7 to 8 hours and will open new doors to economic development making the NE region as a top economically developed region. The Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP).
Around 65 lakhs of new tax-payers have been added in these 4 years. This means to that black money which was circulating in the economy has been eliminated.
 The Foreign exchange reserves have touched $421.12 billion, which is a historic high record.
 In a report disclosed by RTI activist Lokesh Batra, it has come to light that the amount spent by the ex-Vice President Hamid Ansari on his foreign trips was 7 times higher than PM Modi spent on all his foreign trips. Modi travels during the night to foreign countries so that he can sleep in the airplane to avoid expensive hotel bills in foreign countries.


Expressway in Gurugram, which was recently inaugurated by the Prime Minister Modi, is expected to relieve the traffic congestion of the National Capital region (NCR). This is because this Expressway links the National Highways number 1, 10, 8 and 2 running through the districts of Sonepat, Jjajjar, Gurugram, Mewat and Palwal. Likewise, the Prime Minister Modi also inaugurated the Eastern Peripheral Expressway or the Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal (KGP) Expressway in Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh.






To sum up some of the  wonderful things which Narendra Modi has done are –


Modi initiated was to dismantle the long-standing relic of economic planning, the Planning Commission, and also eliminate the distinction between planned and non-planned expenditure in the country’s annual budgets. These changes signalled the completion of India’s ideological shift in economic thinking, away from the state-led planning of the Nehruvian era towards a market-oriented approach of development. A major drawback of the Planning Commission had been that it created rigid national schemes, which required states to implement them by setting aside a significant share of funds. This left the states grossly disempowered.
With the dismantling of the institution, the states were now left with more discretion over how to use their funds. The government also accepted a proposal of the Finance Commission to give state governments 42% of central tax receipts, up from 32%. 
Advancing far on the reform process, the private sector was given further leeway in sectors where the state was proving incompetent. A cap on foreign investment in the defence sector was lifted from 26% to 49%. Similarly, furthering Vajpayee’s initiative to allow private entry into the insurance sector, the cap for foreign investment in it was raised to 49% as well.
The World Bank noted in its 2018 Doing Business report that India had adopted thirty-seven reforms since 2003 and nearly half of them had been introduced in the last four years.
A few of the key reforms that the World Bank alludes to have been game-changing in their expected long-term impact on the economy. The first arose from a strenuous legacy of rising non-performing assets (NPA) with public sector banks that the BJP government had inherited. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, was passed in parliament to address the issue. The code allows either the creditor or the borrower to approach the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) to initiate insolvency proceedings. It further lays down provisions for debt resolution within a span of three to five months.
The second major reform by the BJP government on the economic front came in the form of the biggest tax reform in Indian history with the implementation of the goods and services tax (GST), after well over a decade in the making. The tax, which aims at simplifying the tax structure of the country by replacing the erstwhile multilayered complicated tax system, was introduced in 2017
The new tax system eliminated the maze of check posts at state borders, where lorries transporting goods typically used to languish for hours. It is expected to transform into higher ease of doing business in the economy and translate into facilitation of a high-growth trajectory.
The third major contrast in the BJP government to the previous one has been in its approach towards combating corruption. While the second term of the UPA had been mired in corruption scandals right at the top, the complete absence of any such cases since then has been refreshing. The government has also been focused on addressing the problem of black money in the economy. A successful effort has been made in managing to end the data secrecy of money stashed in Swiss banks, which has long been perceived as a haven for illicit wealth.
The fifth major achievement of the Modi government has been able to control that to a good extent. While the YoY inflation growth has been negative, the mean inflation rate lies around 4% which is a good indicator 
In short we can conclude by saying that FIIR EK BAAR Modi SARKAR -- is more likely to provide a strong & active Government with a much better 'law & order'. In such a case, minorities would feel much safer. Major community would also feel much better, as a part of the sense of 'being wronged against' & of 'appeasement' of minorities, would get mitigated, which would reduce their anger against the minorities. The neighboring countries both having hostile and friendly relations would have to respectfully treat India, knowing that India is in the hands of the perfect Prime Minister 

Jai Hind 

Friday, 2 March 2018

STOP GENOCIDE & MASS MURDER IN SYRIA

Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. 
In January 2011, Syrian Pres. Bashar al-Assad was asked in an interview with The Wall Street Journal if he expected the wave of popular protest then sweeping through the Arab world—which had already unseated authoritarian rulers in Tunisia and Egypt—to reach Syria. Assad acknowledged that there had been economic hardships for many Syrians and that progress toward political reform had been slow and halting, but he was confident that Syria would be spared because his administration’s stance of resistance to the United States and Israel aligned with the beliefs of the Syrian people, whereas the leaders who had already fallen had carried out pro-Western foreign policy in defiance of their people’s feelings.
On the other hand , In 2011, successful uprisings - that became known as the Arab Spring - toppled Tunisia's and Egypt's presidents. This gave hope to Syrian pro-democracy activists. That March, peaceful protests erupted in Syria as well, after 15 boys were detained and tortured for writing graffiti in support of the Arab Spring. One of the boys, a 13-year-old, was killed after having been brutally tortured.
 In July 2011, defectors from the military announced the formation of the Free Syrian Army, a rebel group aiming to overthrow the government, and Syria began to slide into civil war.
While the protests in 2011 were mostly non-sectarian, the armed conflict surfaced starker sectarian divisions. The Syrian government, led by President Bashar al-Assad, responded to the protests by killing hundreds of demonstrators and imprisoning many more. Noteworthy to mention that , while  most Syrians are Sunni Muslims, but Syria's security establishment has long been dominated by members of the Alawi sect, of which al-Assad is a member.
Opposition supporters eventually began to take up arms, first to defend themselves and later to expel security forces from their local areas
Violence escalated and the country descended into civil war as rebel brigades were formed to battle government forces for control of cities, towns and the countryside. Fighting reached the capital Damascus and second city of Aleppo in 2012.
By June 2013, the UN said 90,000 people had been killed in the conflict. By August 2015, that figure had climbed to 250,000, according to activists and the UN.
The conflict is now more than just a battle between those for or against Mr Assad. It has acquired sectarian overtones, pitching the country's Sunni majority against the president's Shia Alawite sect, and drawn in regional and world powers. The rise of the jihadist group Islamic State (IS) has added a further dimension...to be contd 

Wednesday, 17 January 2018

Politricks of becoming Politicians in Canada

Dr Gautam Ghosh

In Canada , although the Constitution Act, 1867 did stipulate (as did the provincial laws) that candidates had to be male, British subjects, 21 years of age and property owners the qualification provisions in each province were not necessarily the same and there was no uniformity of qualifications for the first Members returned to the House. Indeed, candidates did not have to reside in the country. For more than one session in the First Parliament, some Members sat not only in the House of Commons, but also in the legislative assemblies of Ontario and Quebec In 1873, a private Member successfully sponsored a bill to make the practice of dual representation illegal. 

In 1874, Parliament passed its own legislation providing for the election of Members. The Dominion Election Act abolished the property qualification for candidates and declared that any British-born or naturalized male subject of Great Britain, Ireland, or Canada or one of its provinces was eligible for candidacy in an election. [82]  In 1919, women received the franchise and the right to be candidates in an election

 In 1948, the election laws were amended to ensure that candidates were Canadian residents and qualified electors; amendments also eliminated disqualification from voting on the basis of race (status Indians excepted), which in turn opened up candidacy to people of Oriental origin, in particular to Japanese-CanadiansIn 1955, revisions to the Act gave the franchise to various religious groups, in particular to Doukobours, who had previously been disenfranchised 

Aboriginal persons received the right to vote and seek election in 1960 In 1970, the voting age was lowered to 18 and, as an extension, so was the age requirement for candidacy. 

As of now , the right to run in a federal election is protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The relevant procedures and responsibilities of candidates are set out in Part 6 of the Act.

Unless specifically declared to be ineligible under section 65 of the Act, any person qualified as an elector may run for election. To stand for office, you must be a Canadian citizen aged 18 or older on election day. You may seek election in only one electoral district at a time; however, you do not need to reside in the district

A prospective candidate must first choose whether they will run as either an independent or as a representative of a political party. If you want to be an official representative of a political party, you must be officially endorsed by that party. For more information on this procedure, which varies from party to party, contact the party that you hope will endorse you.

In either case, you must file a nomination paper and other necessary documents with the returning officer for the electoral district where you intend to run.


So an immigrant coming at age of 13 from any Nation after 5 years , at age of 18  can contest in a MP Election of Canada , and he may get elected too on sympathy VOTE !!!


Further to note that ,a candidate must have established residency somewhere in Canada but not necessarily in the constituency where he or she is seeking election , which inter alia means that one not from a RIDING can be paratrooped or can simply start residing in a riding for say 5 or 6 months , with a pre-determined  idea -of contesting an election .


Now, it is also seen that   people , who are also jobless , or who have  not  yet contributed anything significant in a riding   or those who are even on Social Canada for their living   with , cheap  stunts are getting associated with Canadian Politics ~ but why ?

(..to be continued )




Saturday, 17 June 2017

Dr Gautam Ghosh -Public Speaker / Human Rights Lawyer / Political Analyst

Dr Gautam Ghosh ~ is often called the moving think tank of Asia. With his vast expertise in the field of Education / Human Resource Development / Law / Management/ Politics/ ~ he is one of the most demanded resource personalities of Asia.


His books titled Police Accountability at the Cutting Edge Level is kept in major leading Libraries across the world ~ including British National Library , Library of LSE , Australian National Library , National Library of China , National Library of India , and the list continues . 


His voluminous 2 Volumes book titled Re Legitimising Indian Police is , a crystal clear comparative analysis of policing in India where legitimacy of Police actions and inactions has been adequately addressed for ensuring a truly transparent modern policing of India .

Dr Ghosh is now working on Counter Terrorism.


Apart from being a author of international repute Dr Ghosh is the founder Chairman of Dr B G Memorial Trust in the fond memory of his mother Dr Bela Ghosh , the ex Chairperson of West Bengal Public Service Commission . The Trust is a philanthropic body running School and College, for imparting quality education to thousands of students from Secondary to Post Graduation level since the last decade 


Dr Ghosh is also a name to reckon with the field of Political Analysis. Perhaps a gene which he inherited from his famous father Late Dr R C Ghosh , who was often referred to as the moving encyclopedia . 


Dr Ghosh is associated with various Institutions and Organisations across the World. 


To know more about Dr Ghosh and to contact him 


Web:  http//www.drgautamghosh.com/
Facebook : https//www.facebook.com/drgautamghosh25
Linkedin https//ca.linkedin.com/in/dr~gautam~ghosh~04792ba4